Sunday, August 4, 2013

1308.0127 (Aleksey Cherman et al.)

Resurgence in QFT: Unitons, Fractons and Renormalons in the Principal
Chiral Model

Aleksey Cherman, Daniele Dorigoni, Gerald V. Dunne, Mithat Unsal
We explain the physical role of non-perturbative saddle points of path integrals in theories without instantons, using the example of the asymptotically free two-dimensional principal chiral model (PCM). Standard topological arguments based on homotopy considerations suggest no role for non-perturbative saddles in such theories. However, resurgence theory, which unifies perturbative and non-perturbative physics, predicts the existence of several types of non-perturbative saddles associated with features of the large-order structure of perturbation theory. These points are illustrated in the PCM, where we find new non-perturbative `fracton' saddle point field configurations, and give a quantum interpretation of previously discovered `uniton' unstable classical solutions. The fractons lead to a semi-classical realization of IR renormalons in the circle-compactified theory, and yield the microscopic mechanism of the mass gap of the PCM.
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