Sunday, May 19, 2013

1201.2672 (Gouranga C. Nayak)

General Form of Color Charge of the Quark    [PDF]

Gouranga C. Nayak
In Maxwell theory the constant electric charge e of the electron is consistent with the continuity equation $\partial_\mu j^\mu(x)=0$ where $j^\mu(x)$ is the current density of the electron where the repeated indices $\mu=0,1,2,3$ are summed. However, in Yang-Mills theory the Yang-Mills color current density $j^{\mu a}(x)$ of the quark satisfies the equation $D_\mu[A]j^{\mu a}(x)=0$ which is not a continuity equation ($\partial_\mu j^{\mu a}(x)\neq 0$) which implies that the color charge of the quark is not constant where a=1,2,...,8 are the color indices. Since the charge of a point particle is obtained from the zero ($\mu =0$) component of a corresponding current density by integrating over the entire (physically) allowed volume, the color charge $q^a(t)$ of the quark in Yang-Mills theory is time dependent. In this paper we derive the general form of eight time dependent fundamental color charges $q^a(t)$ of the quark in Yang-Mills theory in SU(3) where a=1,2,...,8.
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