Wednesday, July 24, 2013

1307.6104 (F. -J. Jiang)

Monte Carlo determination of the critical exponents for a quantum phase
transition of a dimerized spin-1/2 Heisenberg model

F. -J. Jiang
We simulate the spin-1/2 Heisenberg model with a spatially staggered anisotropy using first principles Monte Carlo method. In particular, the critical exponents $\beta/\nu$ and $\omega$ associated with the quantum phase transition induced by dimerization are determined with high precision. Here $\beta$ and $\nu$ are the exponents related to the magnetization and the correlation length, respectively. In addition, $\omega$ is the confluent exponent. With very accurate data of the relevant observables, we first obtain a value of $\omega$ compatible with the known result in the O(3) universality class. Further, using either the value of $\omega$ determined here or the established one in the literature, the exponent $\beta/\nu$ calculated from our data is in quantitative agreement with the known result $\beta/\nu = 0.519(1)$ as well. Our investigation suggests that the quantum phase transition studied here is fully consistent with the O(3) universality class.
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