Thursday, June 27, 2013

1306.6135 (Konstantinos N. Anagnostopoulos et al.)

Monte Carlo studies of the spontaneous rotational symmetry breaking in
dimensionally reduced super Yang-Mills models

Konstantinos N. Anagnostopoulos, Takehiro Azuma, Jun Nishimura
It has long been speculated that the spontaneous symmetry breaking (SSB) of SO(D) occurs in matrix models obtained by dimensionally reducing super Yang-Mills theory in D=6,10 dimensions. In particular, the D=10 case corresponds to the IIB matrix model, which was proposed as a nonperturbative formulation of superstring theory, and the SSB may correspond to the dynamical generation of four-dimensional space-time. Recently, it has been shown by using the Gaussian expansion method that the SSB indeed occurs for D=6 and D=10, and interesting nature of the SSB common to both cases has been suggested. Here we study the same issue from first principles by a Monte Carlo method in the D=6 case. In spite of a severe complex-action problem, the factorization method enables us to obtain various quantities associated with the SSB, which turn out to be consistent with the previous results obtained by the Gaussian expansion method. This also demonstrates the usefulness of the factorization method as a general approach to systems with the complex-action problem or the sign problem.
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