Friday, March 29, 2013

1303.7129 (Anna Hasenfratz et al.)

Reaching the chiral limit in many flavor systems    [PDF]

Anna Hasenfratz, Anqi Cheng, Gregory Petropoulos, David Schaich
We present a brief overview of our recent lattice studies of SU(3) gauge theory with N_f = 8 and 12 fundamental fermions, including some new and yet-unpublished results. To explore relatively unfamiliar systems beyond lattice QCD, we carry out a wide variety of investigations with the goal of synthesizing the results to better understand the non-perturbative dynamics of these systems. All our findings are consistent with conformal infrared dynamics in the 12-flavor system, but with 8 flavors we observe puzzling behavior that requires further investigation. Our new Monte Carlo renormalization group technique exploits the Wilson flow to obtain more direct predictions of a 12-flavor IR fixed point. Studies of N_f = 12 bulk and finite-temperature transitions also indicate IR conformality, while our current results for the 8-flavor phase diagram do not yet provide clear signs of spontaneous chiral symmetry breaking. From the Dirac eigenvalue spectrum we extract the mass anomalous dimension gamma_m, and predict gamma*_m = 0.32(3) at the 12-flavor fixed point. The N_f = 8 system again shows interesting behavior, with a large anomalous dimension across a wide range of energy scales. We use the eigenvalue density to predict the chiral condensate, and compare this approach with direct and partially-quenched measurements.
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