Thursday, February 28, 2013

1302.6645 (B. C. Tiburzi)

Chiral Symmetry Restoration from a Boundary    [PDF]

B. C. Tiburzi
The boundary of a manifold can alter the phase of a theory in the bulk. We explore the possibility of a boundary-induced phase transition for the chiral symmetry of QCD. In particular, we investigate the consequences of imposing homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions on the quark fields. Such boundary conditions are employed on occasion in lattice gauge theory computations, for example, when including external electromagnetic fields, or when computing quark propagators with a reduced temporal extent. Homogeneous Dirichlet boundary conditions force the chiral condensate to vanish at the boundary, and thereby obstruct the spontaneous breaking of chiral symmetry in the bulk. As the restoration of chiral symmetry due to a boundary is a non-perturbative phenomenon, we utilize the sigma model to exemplify the issues. Using this model, we find that chiral symmetry is completely restored if the length of the compact direction is less than 2.0 fm. For lengths greater than about 4 fm, an approximately uniform chiral condensate forms centered about the midpoint of the compact direction. While the volume-averaged condensate approaches the infinite volume value as the compact direction becomes long, the finite-size corrections are shown to be power law rather than exponential.
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